Hydrofluoric Acid:
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a building block for almost all fluorine compounds. HF can be produced directly from the mineral Fluorite, but also as a by-product of phosphoric acid. 


Market Dynamics:
HF is primarily used in oil refining, as well as steel and aluminum production making oil&gas and construction key industries. 


Up Stream Materials/Building Blocks:
Apatite (phosphate mineral containing fluorine)
​Fluorite (CaF2)

Sulfuric acid

Calcium sulfate(co-product)

Fluorosilicic acid (co-product)


Down Stream Materials Consuming Hydrofluoric Acid:

​Ammonium Fluoride

Ammonium Bifluoride

Barium Fluoride

Buffered Oxide Etchants (BOE)

Calcium Fluoride

Cesium Fluoride

Lithium Fluoride

Magnesium Fluoride

Potassium Fluoride (toothpaste)

Sodium Fluoride (toothpaste)
PTFE (Teflon)

Fluoropolymers

Fluorocarbons

Refrigerants (freon)

Steel 

Etchants