Hydrofluoric Acid:
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a building block for almost all fluorine compounds. HF can be produced directly from the mineral Fluorite, but also as a by-product of phosphoric acid. 

Market Dynamics:
HF is primarily used in oil refining, as well as steel and aluminum production making oil&gas and construction key industries.Refineries use it as a catalyst to create high-octane fuel. 

Up Stream Materials/Building Blocks:
Apatite (phosphate mineral containing fluorine)
​Fluorite (CaF2)

Sulfuric acid

Calcium sulfate(co-product)

Fluorosilicic acid (co-product)

Down Stream Materials Consuming Hydrofluoric Acid:

​Ammonium Fluoride

Ammonium Bifluoride

Barium Fluoride

Buffered Oxide Etchants (BOE)

Calcium Fluoride

Cesium Fluoride

Lithium Fluoride

Magnesium Fluoride

Potassium Fluoride (toothpaste)

Sodium Fluoride (toothpaste)
PTFE (Teflon)



Refrigerants (freon)